Cooperation programs, included in the majority of trade agreements, provide partners with the necessary conditions to comply with their commitments. Cooperation may help improve workers’ rights, consolidate financial and administrative resources to ensure compliance with labour laws (control and inspection, tackle informal employment) and strengthen ministerial capacities for better understanding the reality of workers. Governments and members of civil society may collaborate in the development or implementation of these programs. Moreover, cooperation provisions in trade agreements rely on institutions (ministerial council, ministerial contact points and Permanent Secretariat) for the implementation of cooperation programs aiming to improve the practices of each country.
Types of cooperation may include:
- Financial assistance
- Technical cooperation
- Joint Research and Study Programs
- Information Sharing
Ways to improve cooperation:
- Increasing financial resources allocated to cooperation programs.
- Increasing civil society’s involvement in cooperation programs.
- Developing and implementing action and/or remediation plans to strengthen cooperation.